That decision resulted in the engineering design of a segmented booster using o-rings so the boosters could shipped by rail, rather than a single solid booster with no o-rings, that could be shipped in one piece by barge to Florida. Thus the accident was also a result of the political decision on where the booster was built rather than basing the decision on the best design.
Climate change doubter encompasses a wide variety of people.
Some doubt that man has as much impact on the environment as they are told. Some think that the problem cannot and will not be solved because the GLOBE would need to coordinate efforts, and that would be impossible. And some people are like me…I think that humans are very similar to cockroaches, in that we can survive in almost any environment. So if we end up making our environment more difficult to live in, so what? Except that the only climate change "doubters" are those who don't trouble to understand the science, or who deliberately refuse to look at it, because they don't WANT it to be true.
I don't doubt climate change, but I do doubt the dire consequences of it that some climate change zealots espouse, which are not supported science. Want me to really believe it's as bad as you say it is? Give up all forms of fossil-fuel-based energy -- right now. To quote one of my favorite Zen philosopher-poets: I'll believe it's a crisis when the people who say it's a crisis act like it's a crisis.
Actually, shareholder value is the item most generally excluded. When boards of directors provide for outrageous management compensation, golden parachutes, stock options, insider dealingsall of which are at the expense of the shareholders. From my point of view, the problem was that the decisions are made by people who didn't understand the risks involved. In a rational universe, the decisions should be made with people with the most information. In this case, we ended up with people who didn't understand the o-rings falling back on things they did understand, which was the need to keeping the customer happy.
One man's comfort is another man's hell.
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It is pure hubris to think that humans can stop global climate change. A I am sort of struck by the fact that the world isn't perfect. Given what they are trying to do, the space program seems relatively safe. Sure there are mistakes and poor decision making. Welcome to every single institution on earth! I understand the desire to improve, but in some ways I feel the "safety first" culture actually increases bad decision making.
Because "safety first" is an unreasonable standard in a lot of endeavors, and a frankly silly one in space. B If you don't think the climate is changing you don't follow science at all. At the same time if you DO follow science closely. There is a pretty clear and consistent pattern of exaggeration and sensationalization of the likely effects of climate change.
OEC - Ethical Decisions - Morton Thiokol and the Space Shuttle Challenger Disaster - Index
Some of this is probably intentional fear mongering as the public seems so unmoved by even these alarmist scenarios. But some of it has to do with the fact that the same people likely to study and find data relating to climate change are generally the people who value those things in their current state the most.
In response to "A": I don't think the author of the article is trying to re-prioritize safety in the space program, although I believe that for manned flight, safety should have a high priority. Of course space travel is inherently dangerous, and if we required absolute safety, we would not do it.
I liked the rewards driven decision element. I learned in the Army that the troops do what the commander checks. In this case, rewards given or withheld are the check in their check-and-balance system. Obviously it didn't work. I wonder what the internal process review if any looked like and what the decision process changes were.
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The people who went to great lengths to "hide the decline" in temperatures, call their opponents "climate change deniers". I think what is even more telling is society's decision to not show support for those who operate with an ethical lens. The all-important whistleblower law has not yet passed due to inertia, apathy, and downright bad decision making by our lawmakers. My recollection, as a former journalist who covered the aftermath of the disaster, was that Larry Malloy, who ran the solid rocket booster program, unilaterally overrode the concerns of the Morton-Thiokol engineers and authorized the launch.
Although M-T management and engineers met privately to discuss the engineers' concerns, Malloy was well aware of those concerns, as the engineers had spoken directly to him about them. They told him that an o-ring failure due to cold air temperatures could cause "a catastrophic loss of life. Games are as old as civilization itself, and some people think they have huge social value regardless of whether you win or lose.
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Tom Whipple is not one Takeru Kobayashi revolutionized the sport of competitive eating. The SRM Program at MTI was suffering from the lack of proper original development work and some may argue that sufficient funds or schedule were not available and that may be so, but MTI contracted for that condition. The Shuttle program was declared operational by NASA after the fourth flight, but the technical problems in producing and maintaining the reusable boosters were escalating rapidly as the program matured, instead of decreasing as one would normally expect.
Many opportunities were available to structure the work force for corrective action, but the MTI Management style would not let anything compete or interfere with the production and shipping of boosters. The result was a program which gave the appearance of being controlled while actually collapsing from within due to excessive technical and manufacturing problems as time increased. All dimensions are in inches with SI units for nominals given in the supplementary table. The first O-ring to seal internal hot gases is called the primary seal while the other is termed the secondary seal.
There are load carrying pins plus three locating pins for assembly clocking. Pressurization of the motor to psi 6. This ethical decision-making framework developed by Dr. Michael Davis of the Illinois Institute of Technology is useful in guiding discussions around case studies and other ethics courses and workshop activities. This bibliography includes examples of different ways instructors have used case studies to introduce ethical topics to their students and resources for finding cases and incorporating them into the classroom.
In this essay, Dr. Whitbeck outlines an 'agent-centered' approach to learning ethics. The central aim is to prepare students to act wisely and responsibly when faced with moral problems. She provides a number of examples and cases with descriptions of questions and directions for promoting student participation and stimulating thought and discussion. Roger Boisjoly More Posts.
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